The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (United Nations, 2007) indicates that self-determination and the capacity to self-determine their own outcomes is a key factor for positive outcomes for indigenous peoples. This research aims to examine,the significance of sport to indigenous communities as a vehicle for capacity-building, identity development, self-determination, and community development within a wellbeing framework. This research will contribute to informing further research within New Zealand into how sporting structures can provide positive outcomes for Maori communities. Analysis into other indigenous nations that will benefit Maori communities and inform current sporting structures for the benefit of community development, capacity building and well-being at all levels. Twelve interviews from United States of America, Australia and New Zealand indigenous populations will be conducted to critically investigate experience about the importance and significance of sport in indigenous communities at a local level and/or at international representation.