A brief, exploratory search of the literature revealed that differences in pain experiences exist between Maori and non-Maori in Aotearoa. For example, Grace and Zondervan (2004) found that Maori women are less likely to experience chronic pelvic pain than Pakeha women, Nelson (2006) describes how Maori women are less likely than Pakeha women to receive an epidural for pain relief during childbirth, and Scott, McGee, Schaaf and Baxter (2008) found that Maori have a higher prevalence of chronic pain than either Pacific Island or Pakeha New Zealanders. These apparently conflicting findings suggest a need for a review of such research to be conducted so that the pain experiences of Maori can be better understood. The end result will be a written report of the current state of the literature about, and research on, Maori and pain. Implications for the health of Maori will be discussed and suggestions for future research will be made. It is hoped that this research will contribute to a deeper understanding of Maori experiences of pain and may inform health practice in the future.