Our objective is to determine effective strategies to improve goal related activity for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Goal setting is a key rehabilitation strategy for promoting recovery and adaptation. However, clinical practice is variable, outcomes uncertain, and both patients and professionals find the process frustrating. We recently completed an HRC-funded feasibility study examining two novel approaches to goal setting. Practical and methodological factors were identified and are addressed in the definitive trial proposed here. This Randomised Clinical Trial will determine the impact on health and functioning of: a) a novel intervention aiming to improve goal related activity and self regulation skills (Goals-SR) compared with b) use of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS), a measurement tool and c) usual practice This study will identify strategies that are most successful at improving goal related activity. This outcome will benefit the person with TBI (improved functioning, motivation, mood) and reduce carer burden.