The Maori term matakite refers to an experience of unusual perception that is subject to misdiagnosis as mental illness. Although the Ministry of Health requires health professionals to distinguish between matakite and ""pathological syndromal features of a Western mental illness"", no guidance is provided on how to make that distinction. Guided by Kaupapa Maori principles and methods, this project will explore how matakite understandings are being applied by mental health professionals working in Kaupapa Maori health providers around the country. The aim is to produce a document identifying elements of best-practice in the application of matakite understandings by health providers. This project will contribute to an area of research of increasing importance internationally, but one that is still relatively unexplored in Aotearoa New Zealand, i.e., the practical relationship between spirituality and health. It will also give me an opportunity to develop my skills towards a career in Maori and indigenous health research. This grant was awarded to University of Waikato but was later transfered to Massey University.